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辛宇:沃勒斯坦理论中的时空观念研究

  摘 要

  《论沃勒斯坦理论中的时间与空间观念》一文共分为绪论、正文六章、参考文献与后记四部分。

  论文的绪论部分系统地阐述了本选题的现实意义和理论意义,较为全面地对本选题的国内外研究现状进行了梳理。

  第一章 沃勒斯坦生平及学术史简介。沃勒斯坦的时空间观念的形成是其澳门永利赌场:观、认识论的具体体现,并且这一观念直接与其澳门永利赌场:体系研究的方法论密切相关。而其个人的澳门永利赌场:观与学术旨趣的形成,既与他所生活的时代背景与学术背景息息相关又与他个人的人生经历密不可分。本章将把沃勒斯坦的成长经历与学术旨趣的形成结合起来叙述,以期为读者描绘出沃勒斯坦学术生涯的清晰脉络。

  第二章 沃勒斯坦理论产生的时代背景。任何一种理论都是时代的产物,研究人类社会发展的历史理论更是如此。从研究主体上说,每一位历史学家都有其无法逾越的历史局限性,这一点也使得他们必然带着自身时代所面临的问题进行历史研究以便从对人类过往的解读当中找到当下问题的答案,进而把握未来。沃勒斯坦的理论也是一种历史的产物,有其产生的特定的现实背景与理论背景。在本章中,笔者将通过对二战结束后直至1970年间的时代背景的简单概括来阐述沃勒斯坦的时空观与“现代澳门永利赌场:体系”理论形成的现实动因,通过对“现代化”理论和依附理论的概述,描绘出现代澳门永利赌场:体系理论诞生的学术背景。

  第三章 沃勒斯坦时空观的理论源流。这一章主要分析了马克思主义理论,长时段理论,耗散结构理论对沃勒斯坦时空观的重要启发与影响,明确指出时空观的构建是现代澳门永利赌场:体系理论形成的基础,沃勒斯坦的时空观念是现代澳门永利赌场:体系理论中的核心观念。

  第四章  沃勒斯坦时空观的形成与澳门永利赌场:体系分析。本章主要阐述了沃勒斯坦是如何在马克思主义理论,长时段理论与耗散结构理论的时间与空间观念的基础上完成了自身研究中的时空构建,并阐述了在澳门永利赌场:体系分析中这种时空观的具体体现。

  第五章 沃勒斯坦时空观念的认识论价值。这一章主要论述了沃勒斯坦的时空观念对历史社会系统研究的四个认识论意义,这四个意义包括对时间与空间观念多元化的认识,对澳门永利赌场:的整体性认识、对澳门永利赌场:的复杂性认识以及超越西方传统社会科学和历史学在认识论上的两歧状态。

  第六章 沃勒斯坦时空观念的方法论意义。本章阐述了沃勒斯坦在其时空观念构建的过程中形成了独具特色的立体动态的研究方法与一体化学科的研究方法。

    ABSTRACT

  This essay includes four parts which are the introduction, the six-chapter main body, references and the postscript.

  The introduction gives the realistic meaning and the theoretical significance of this essay in a scientific way and also gives the all over  summary of the research results of this subject at home and abroad.

  Chapter One-A brief account of Wallerstein's life and his academic experiences. The formation of Wallerstein's view of time and space reflects his view of world and epistemology which closely relates his methods to do his research. And his view of world and his academic interests due to the historical and academic backgroud and are also influenced by his own experiences. This chapter aims to explain the formation of Wallerstein's academic road to the readers clearly based on the relations between his growing experiences and academic interests.

  Chapter Two-The historical background of Wallerstein's theory. Any kind of mature theory is the production of history and ages, so is the theory on history of human society. Firstly when it comes to the research subject, all historians have historical limitations which decides they do the research with their view of history influenced by their times. Most of them try to solve the problems of their own times and also grasp the future by studying old histories. Wallerstein's theory is also production of history and has its own background of ages and academics. In this chapter the author will make a brief introduction of the age background between the end of the Second World War and 1970 to explain the academic background and the real reason that the theory of"the modern world system" is formed. This chapter also gives a general idea of  Modernization theory and Attachment theory.

  Chapter Three-The academic source of Wallerstein's view of time and space. This chapter mainly analyses the significant inspire and influence of Wallerstein's view of time and space by Marxism, Long-term theory and Theory of dissipative structure. This chapter clear out that the time and space concept structure which is the foundation that theory of "the modern world system" is formed is the core concept of theory of "the modern world system".

  Chapter Four-Wallerstein's view of time and space and world system analysis. This chapter explains how Wallerstein finished the time and space concept structure of his own on basis of Marxism, Long-term theory and Theory of dissipative structure and also analyses specific expression of this time and space concept in world system analysis.

  Chapter Five-The meaning of Wallerstein's view of time and space epistemology. This chapter gives four meanings of influences by this time and space view to studies of history of social system which includes a plurality of understanding of time and space concept, an overall understanding of world, an understanding of the complexity of world and a exceeding understanding over the difference between traditional western social science and history.

  Chapter Six-The significant meaning of Wallerstein's view of time and space methodology. This chapter indicates that Wallerstein formed his own unique dynamic and Integration of disciplines methodology.

  

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